The present membership of the Executive Committee is:

President: E.N. Baker (New Zealand) (1) (2)

Vice-President: R. Chidambaram (India) (1) (2)

General Secretary and Treasurer: S. Larsen (Denmark) (1)

Immediate Past President: P. Coppens (USA) (1) (2)

Ordinary members: L.A. Aslanov (Russia) (3)

J.C.A. Boeyens (South Africa) (1)

H. Fuess (Germany) (3)

M. Hart (USA) (1) (2)

H. Schenk (The Netherlands) (1) (2)

M. Tanaka (Japan) (3)

The members of the Executive Committee who will continue are, therefore:

Immediate Past President:

E.N. Baker (New Zealand) (Macromolecular crystallography; protein structural analysis; hydrogen bonding; water structure)


Ordinary members:

L.A. Aslanov (Russia) (Crystal chemistry, instrumentation, structures in external fields, charge density, crystal dynamics, powder, coordination compounds, materials)

H. Fuess (Germany) (Neutron diffraction, synchrotron radiation, structure—property relations, surfaces and interfaces, transmission electron microscopy, materials for catalysis)

M. Tanaka (Japan) (Convergent-beam electron diffraction, electron energy loss spectroscopy, quasicrystals)

Nominations presented by the Executive Committee for Officers of the Union

In accordance with By-Laws 2.2 and 8.1, the Executive Committee presents its nominations for the Officers of the Union as follows (two nominations are being made for President, five nominations are being made for the three vacancies for six-year ordinary members and six nominations are being made for the possible one or two vacancies for three-year ordinary members):

President: H. Fuess (Germany) (3)

H. Schenk (The Netherlands) (3)

Vice-President: M. Tanaka (Japan) (3)

General Secretary and Treasurer: S. Larsen (Denmark) (3)

Ordinary members (six-year term): M.A. Carrondo (Portugal) (4)

W.L. Duax (USA) (4)

A. Fontaine (France) (4)

S. Fortier (Canada) (4)

Z. Zhang (People's Republic of China) (4)

Ordinary members (three-year term): J.C.A. Boeyens (South Africa) (3)

M.A. Carrondo (Portugal) (3)

W.L. Duax (USA) (3)

A. Fontaine (France) (3)

S. Fortier (Canada) (3)

Z. Zhang (People's Republic of China) (3)

(1) until the close of the Eighteenth General Assembly

(2) not eligible for immediate re-election to the same office

(3) until the close of the Nineteenth General Assembly

(4) until the close of the Twentieth General Assembly

Brief biographical details of candidates nominated to serve on the Executive Committee are given below:


Hartmut FUESS, Technische Universität Darmstadt, FB Materialwissenschaft, FG Strukturforschung, Petersenstrasse 23, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany.

Nationality: German. Date of birth: 9 June 1941. Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures, Université de Grenoble, 1964; Diplom-Ingénieur, University of Technology Darmstadt (TUD), 1965; PhD-Thesis, TUD, 1968.

Recent appointments: Professor of Materials Science, TUD, since 1989. Professor of Crystallography, University of Frankfurt, 1975—89. Scientific Research Fellow, Institut Laue—Langevin, Grenoble, France, 1969—75 (1969—70 at AERE Harwell, UK). EURATOM-Fellow, Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires, Grenoble, 1968—69. Scientific Assistant, TUD, 1965—68.

Recent membership of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Chair, European Crystallographic Committee, 1994—97; member (1995), Vice-Chair (1997), Chair (1999) Science Advisory Committee, European Synchrotron Facility, France; Chair, Science Committee, Hasylab, Hamburg; Chair, Science Committee Institut für Wekstofforschung, Dresden; member of numerous committees at DFG, DAAD, Humboldt-foundation, Ministry

of Research, Institut Laue-Langevin; Chair, German Crystallographic Association, 1986—89.

Fields of research: Neutron diffraction; synchrotron radiation; structure—property relations; surfaces and interfaces; transmission electron microscopy; materials for catalysis. More than 300 refereed papers, supervision of about 70 PhD theses.

Other relevant details: Humboldt Award of French Government, 1991; Fellowship Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1995 and 1999; Dean of Faculty for five years; Founding Dean Materials Science, 1990—93.

Henk SCHENK, Laboratory for Crystallography, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166,

1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Nationality: Dutch. Date of birth: 26 December 1939. Graduated in chemistry in 1965, main subject Synthetic Organic Chemistry (Dutch title Drs). PhD in 1969 on a crystallographic subject with Professor Carolina H.


Recent appointments: Professor in Chemical Crystallography, University of Amsterdam, from 1979.

Part-time Professor in Structural Chemistry, University of Leiden, 1987—98. Scientific Director of Amsterdam Institute of Molecular Sciences, 1993—95. Dean of Chemistry Faculty, University of Amsterdam, 1979—82 and 1995—97. Member of Area Board for Exact Sciences of The Netherlands Science Foundation (NWO), 1992—98. Chair of the NWO Commission on Neutron Research, from 1998.

Recent membership of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: President (1984) and Vice-President (1983, 1985) of the Royal Netherlands Chemical Society. President of the NVK, the Netherlands Society for

Crystallography 1988—96. Honorary member of the NVK (1998). Member and Chair of IUCr Commission on Crystallographic Teaching, 1978—87. Member and Chair of the IUCr Commission on Crystallographic Computing (1978—90). Chair or member of Organising and/or Programme Committees of many Congresses and Summer Schools, including IUCr X, Computing 1978, Madras 1985, 1990 and ECM-14. Member of the IUCr Executive Committee, 1993—99, with responsibilities: Chair of the Sub-committee on the Union Calendar (1996—99), organiser of the IUCr50 symposia (1998) and organiser/editor of the Acta Cryst. Special Issue/Book 'Crystallography across the Sciences' (1997—98).

Fields of research: Crystallographic methods, in particular direct methods; structure determination; structure-property relationships; powder diffraction; real-time diffraction; crystal modelling.

Other relevant details: Holder of many NWO grants in basic research (direct methods) as well as in applied research (dynamics of polymorphism in cocoa butter, real-time diffraction); holder of international collaboration grants; director of the European Union Erasmus Student Exchange Programme (14 nations, over 40 student exchanges/

year), 1989—98. Teaching interests: Programmed Learning, CAI, Teaching/Learning through the Internet, International Student Exchanges.


Michiyoshi TANAKA, Research Institute for Scientific Measurements, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, Japan.

Nationality: Japanese. Date of birth: 13 January 1938. PhD, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 1965.

Recent appointments: Director, Research Institute for Scientific Measurements, Tohoku University, since 1997. Professor, Research Institute for Scientific Measurements, Tohoku University, since 1989. Associate Professor, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University, 1968—88.

Recent membership of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Ordinary Member of IUCr Executive Committee (1996—2002). Member of IUCr Commission on Electron Diffraction, 1984—90, 1996—99. The Physical Society of Japan, The Crystallography Society of Japan (President, 1996—97), The Japanese Society of Electron Microscopy (President, 1997), The Solid State Ionics Society of Japan, The Microscopy Society of America. Editor-in-Chief, J. Electron Microscopy, since 1997, Editorial Advisory Board, Philosophical Magazine A, since 1995, Editorial Board, Acta Physica Sinica, since 1999.

Fields of research: Convergent-beam electron diffraction; electron energy loss spectroscopy; quasicrystals.

Sine LARSEN, Centre for Crystallographic Studies, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5,

DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Nationality: Danish. Date of birth: 28 May 1943. Cand. scient. University of Copenhagen, 1968; Post doc. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1970—71.

Recent appointments: Professor of Structural Chemistry and Director of the Centre for Crystallographic Studies, University of Copenhagen. Senior Lecturer, University of Copenhagen, 1974—94.

Recent membership of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Danish National Committee for Crystallography since 1985, Danish Natural Science Research Council 1989—93, American Crystallographic Association; Chair, Research Council's Committee for Supercomputing; Editorial boards, Crystallography Reviews and Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry; President of the Danish Chemical Society since 1998.

Fields of research: Relationships between structure and function, macromolecular crystallography, chiral chemistry, charge density, intermolecular interactions.

Jan C.A. BOEYENS, Department of Chemistry, University of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits,

2050 Johannesburg, South Africa.

Nationality: South African. Date of birth: 2 October 1934. MSc, Free State, 1957; DSc, Pretoria, 1964.

Recent appointments: Professor of Theoretical Chemistry, University of the Witwatersrand (WITS).

Dean of Science, WITS, 1991—93. Head, Department of Chemistry, WITS, 1985—90. Head, Physical Chemistry,

Nat. Chem. Res. Lab., 1974—80.

Recent membership of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Chair, South Africa National Committee for Crystallography, 1987—93; Vice President, Royal Society of South Africa, 1991—93; Member: South Africa Chemical Institute, American Chemical Society, AAAS, New York Academy of Sciences.

Fields of research: Theory of molecular structure; conformation of cyclic fragments; disorder in crystals;

molecular modelling; mechanism of phase transformations; general crystallography.

Other relevant details: Alexander Von Humboldt Prize, 1993.


Maria Arménia CARRONDO, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica (ITQB), Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal.

Nationality: Portuguese. Date of birth: 31 July 1948. PhD, Imperial College, London, 1978.

Recent appointments: Professor of Structural Biochemistry at ITQB since 1998. Associate Professor at Instituto

Superior Técnico, Lisboa, 1979—98. Assistant at Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, 1972—79.

Recent memberships of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Executive Officer of the European Crystallographic Association, Vice-President of the Portuguese Biochemistry Society, member of the Portuguese Society of Chemistry,

British Crystallographic Association, American Crystallographic Association, European Synchrotron Radiation Society

and Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry.

Fields of research: Protein crystallography, structural studies of electron transfer proteins and metalloenzymes,

application of methods involving data obtained at synchrotrons, namely multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion and

ab initio methods.

Other relevant details: Sub-Director of ITQB. Member of Editorial Board of the Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry. Chair of the Organising Committee of ECM-17 (Lisbon, 1997).

William L. DUAX, Hauptman—Woodward Medical Research Institute, Inc., 73 High St., Buffalo, New York 14203, USA.

Nationality: USA. Date of birth: 18 April 1939. PhD, University of Iowa, 1967.

Recent appointments: 1968—present: Hauptman—Woodward Medical Research Institute, Inc. (formerly the Medical Foundation of Buffalo), Executive Vice-President since 1993. State University of New York at Buffalo, Adjunct Associate Professor of Medicinal Chemistry (1973—present). State University of New York at Buffalo, Associate Research Professor of Department of Biochemistry (1981—present).

Recent memberships of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: International Union of Crystallography: Commission on Small Molecules (1984—93); Programme Committee, XVI IUCr Congress, Beijing, People's Republic of China (August 1993); Editor, IUCr Newsletter 1993—present); Programme Chair, XVII IUCr Congress, Seattle, WA (August 1996). American Crystallographic Association (ACA): Vice-President (1985); President (1986); Executive Officer (1988—present); Chair, Small Molecule Special Interest Group (1980—81); Member, Crystallographic Data Committee (1980—83). US National Committee of Crystallography: Member (1980—90); Chair (1988—90). American Institute of Physics Governing Board Member (1987—96); Executive Committee (1992—93). Council of Scientific Society Presidents (1985—87); Committee on Government and Public Affairs (1987). Cambridge Structural Database: Director of US distribution (1983—present). Editorial Boards:

J. Chemical Crystallography, Biological Macromolecules, Chirality, Receptor, Steroids and J. Peptide Research. Fulbright Scholar, Lecture Programme, Yugoslavia, 1987. Distinguished Scientist Award, Clinical Ligand Assay Society, 1994. Other memberships: American Association for the Advancement of Science; American Chemical Society; American Society of Biological Chemists; Biophysical Society; Sigma Xi; The Protein Society; British Crystallographic Association; Society of Crystallographers in Australia.

Fields of Research: Single-crystal studies of steroid hormones, short chain steroid dehydrogenase enzymes, and ion transport antibiotics and membrane active toxins; conformational analysis, polymorphism, correlation of structure in solid and solution; relation of structural to biological properties, in particular, steroids, cancer and hypertension; and antibiotics and ion transport.


Alain FONTAINE, CNRS, Laboratoire Louis Néel, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.

Nationality: French. Date of birth: 14 April 1944. PhD Orsay, 1975, Physics Advisor A. Guinier.

Recent appointments: Pechiney PhD grant Solid State Physics Lab. Université Paris-sud Orsay 1969—72. Assistant Professor, Université Paris-sud Orsay, State Physics Lab. Université Paris-sud Orsay, 1972—75. LURE 1975—86. Scientific coordinator of the X-ray ring at LURE 1988—94. Director of Research CNRS LURE 1986—94. Laboratoire Louis Néel Grenoble CNRS since 1994. Deputy Director Visiting Scientist at ESRF

since 1994.

Recent memberships of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: European Physical Society. Société

française de Physique. Member of the Condensed Matter Division Office, Association française de Cristallographie. Member of the CNRS National Committee.

Fields of research: X-ray physics; materials science; local structure via EXAFS metallic systems; low dimension-ality and electronic and magnetic properties with synchrotron-radiation-based spectroscopies [XAS (X-ray absorption spectroscopy) and XMCD (X-ray magnetic circular dichroism)]; magnetic dynamics using nanosecond-resolved XMCD.

Suzanne FORTIER, Department of Chemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada K7L 3N6.

Nationality: Canadian. Date of birth: 11 November 1949. PhD, McGill University, 1976.

Recent appointments: Professor of Chemistry, Queen's University (appointed 1982, promoted to Full Professor, 1993), Professor of Computing and Information Science, Queen's University (cross-appointment, since

1993), Vice-Principal (Research), Queen's University (since 1995).

Recent memberships of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Canadian National Committee of Crystallography (Chair), NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada) (member of Council since 1996 and Vice-President since 1997), Council of Science and Technology Advisors of Canada, American Crystallographic Association, Chemical Institute of Canada, Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence, American Association for Artificial Intelligence.

Fields of research: Development of mathematical and artificial intelligence methodologies for protein structure determination and crystallographic data mining.

Ze ZHANG, Beijing Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,

PO Box 2724, 100080 Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Nationality: Chinese. Date of birth: 29 January 1953. MSc (Physics), Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, 1983; PhD (Physics), Institute of Metal Research, Shenyang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1986.

Recent appointments: Professor and Director of Beijing Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, 1993—present; Deputy Director of the Center of Condensed Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1997—present; General Secretary of the China Association for Science & Technology, 1996—present.

Recent memberships of scientific unions, societies, committees, etc: Executive Councillor of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society since 1990, Executive Councillor of Chinese Physics Society, 1999, Secretary & Treasurer of Asian Crystallographic Association 1993—96; President of Asian Crystallographic Association.

Fields of research: Material sciences; microstructure of low dimensional materials; electron microscopy.

Other relevant details: Honorary Professor of Tsinghua University, Hangzhou University and Dalian University of China.

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Updated 6th June 1999